Materials of duck waders
There are breathable and non-breathable (rubber, PVC or neoprene) materials waders made of. For example, if you plan to stay in waders all day, the breathable waders will drain sweat and sweat outward. It is worth noting that the air-passage system of these waders will work only on the shore, the steam is not output in the water! Accordingly, if you do not plan to stay out of the water for a long time then you can do with any waders, both membrane and rubber, it depends on your taste and purse. In case you need to go all day and out of the water, make long passes, etc., then you need to buy membrane waders.
One of the membrane waders are neoprene waders. It is a foamed rubber in a special way. Neoprene, nowadays, is widely used for various purposes. The material differs significantly from the others; it perfectly preserves heat and serves as a good thermal insulation. It is often used by those who have to stop by and stand in cold water. Waders for hunting often have different camouflage colors. For example, it is quite difficult to pierce a specialized product with a branch. Just need to pay attention to the fact that if the overall has a regular rubber boot, it is necessary to take care of its insulation. Membrane waders differ in light weight and comfort in use. A variety of fabrics are used: from inexpensive PU (polyurethane) to much more expensive GoreTex. The reason of the popularity of breathable waders is their versatility. They can be worn in the hot summer days, and sweat will not become a serious problem. They can be worn in cold weather by tucking in under the thermal underwear and fleece pants and it will effectively remove the sweat from the body. Their typical baggy also has its advantages during transitions over long distances and during alloys on a boat.
Waders made of nylon or PVC. It can be a good choice for beginners. They are durable, cheap and well kept in water. However, they are not breathable. Therefore, when you have traveled a certain distance of the way all the perspiration in the form of steam accumulates in them, and then, entering the water, you will feel how this vapor began to condense and flowed on your legs. Such waders can be bought if you walk less and use them not often.
Types of waders
There are waders of two types: bootfoot and stockingfoot (with neoprene socks); on socks, you wear special waders that remain wet, but water will never penetrate into the waders. Considering the option of breathable waders, with rubber boots welded to the bootlegs it is hardly worth it. Unlike waders sewn under the shoes, they are much heavier, less comfortable and, moreover, they cannot be turned inside out for quick drying.
What you should pay attention to
The seams are the weakest part of the waders. Manufacturers carefully glue them and tape them. If the seams are on the inside of the foot, then during the movement, surfaces come into contact with each other. From which, in the place of permanent contact, it is possible to damage the surface material, and then the membrane itself, will lose the waterproof property. The best way out of this situation here will be buying waders, the cuts of which are such when the seams are removed to the outside of the foot.
You should not make a mistake with the size of waders because in practice this can speed up wear and tear of the waders. The bottom line is that during the movement the loose fabric on their trousers starts to be rubbed not only on seams but also in other places. As a consequence, problems with water resistance occur with time.
Any waders have the possibility of an additional fitting to the figure. Usually, this function is performed by a pair of straps located at the sides at the waist or an elastic waist belt. Good if it has several levels of height adjustment. By the way, before you tighten the belt on waders or coupler in their upper part, do not forget to prick up properly to expel air from them.
How to take care of waders
Washing. Often resort to this procedure is not necessary. However, 3-5 times a season, it’s worth it, especially before the winter downtime. Most manufacturers offer specialized shampoos for membranes, but conventional hair shampoos can also be used to wash off the fat-burning coating that clogs the capillaries of the membrane. In any case, do not use hard brushes and scouring pads. Using the usual foam rubber sponge, you easily can achieve the desired result. Accuracy when washing the outer surface is needed not so much as internal because it is on the surface facing the body that there is a membrane layer, often reinforced with a reinforcing tissue with a shallow cell.
Drying of waders. It is necessary to do it after each hunting. Just hang them on a tree branch or spread it on the grass. There is nothing to get wet with waders, so they dry fast enough. The outer layer, if properly weathered dries almost instantly. It is more important to completely turn the waders inside out, including the sock, and carefully dry it. In the wind and sun, drying occurs almost instantaneously.
Storage of waders. Do not store the waders in the folded state; it is better to hang on the clothes hanger in the closet.
Choosing wader, you should initially follow certain rules: be sure to select the right size. Each angler is individual, has a unique shape, so it is advisable to wear a semi-overall before purchase. Particular attention should be paid to the seams. They should be glued; the sealing tape should not exfoliate. Knees should be reinforced. Neoprene socks should not be pressed or be excessively long. Some models of waders have a reinforced sole. Of course, with proper operation and careful attitude, the waders will last a long time. Therefore, do not look for too cheap models. It is better to get mid-budget waders.